Indiana University, B.A., May 1974,
Northwestern University, M.S.,
August 1977, Psychology
Ph.D., June 1979, Psychology
Post-Doc, 1979-1984, Psychology
Dr. Karlene Ball, an experimental
psychologist, is currently the Psychology Dept's
Chairman and Director of the UAB
Edward R. Roybal Center for Research on Applied
Gerontology, funded by the National Institute on Aging,
and is Associate Director of the university-wide Center
for Aging. Dr. Ball recently chaired the Human Factors
and Ergonomics Society Technical Group on Aging, and she
is a member of the Transportation Research Board of the
National Research Council. Dr. Ball is investigating
visual and cognitive correlates of mobility difficulties
among older adults, with an emphasis on driving skills.
She has served frequently on expert panels charged with
setting the vision standards for commercial and older
drivers, and she has authored numerous publications on
visual, attentional, and cognitive changes with age, as
well as on the identification of at-risk older drivers.
She recently received a M.E.R.I.T. award from the
National Institutes of Health to extend her basic
research program on the everyday activity problems of
older adults to the development of interventions to
prevent or retard age-related declines. A further
description of the UAB Roybal Center, along with its
investigators, resources, and projects, may be found at
Ball, K., Beard, B., Roenker, D.,
Miller, R. & Griggs, D. Age and visual search: Expanding
the Useful Field of View. Journal of the Optical Society
A, 1988, 5(12), 2210-2219.
Ball, K., Owsley, C. & Beard,
B. Clinical visual perimetry underestimates peripheral
field problems in older adults. Clinical Vision
Sciences, 1990, 5, 113-125.
Ball, K., Roenker, D. & Bruni,
J. Developmental changes in attention and visual search
throughout adulthood. In Enns, J. (Ed.), The Development
of Attention: Research and Theory. North Holland:
Elsevier Science Publishers, 1990, 489-508.
Owsley, C., Ball, K., Sloane,
M., Roenker, D.L. & Bruni, J.R. Visual
Perceptual/Cognitive Correlates of Vehicle Accidents in
Older Drivers. Psychology and Aging, 1991, 6, 403-415.
Ball, K., Owsley, C.
Identifying Correlates of Accident Involvement for the
Older Driver. Human Factors, 1991, 33(5), 583-595.
Sloane, M.E., Ball, K.,
Owsley, C., Bruni, J.R., & Roenker, D. L. The Visual
Activities Questionnaire: Developing an Instrument for
Assessing Problems in Everyday Visual Tasks. Technical
Digest; Noninvasive Assessment of the Visual System,
1992, Vol. 1, 26-29.
Owsley, C., Ball, K., Sloane,
M. Visual Attention Problems Predict Vehicle Crash
Involvement in Older Adults. Perception, 1992, 21, 20.
Ball, K., & Owsley, C. The Useful Field of View
Test: A New Technique for Evaluating Age-Related
Declines in Visual Function. Journal of the American
Optometric Association , 1993, Vol. 64, 71-79.
Ball, K., & Owsley, C.
Assessing Visual Function in the Older Driver. W. B.
Saunders: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine: Medical
Considerations in the Older Driver, 1993, 9, 389-401.
Ball, K., Owsley, C., Sloane,
M.E., Roenker, D.L., & Bruni, J.R. Visual Attention
Problems as a Predictor of Vehicle Crashes among Older
Drivers. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science,
1993, 34, No. 11, 3110-3123.
Ball, K., & Rebok, G.
Evaluating the driving ability of older adults. Journal
of Applied Gerontology, 1994, 13, 20-38.
Owsley, C., Ball, K., &
Keeton, D.M. Relationship between visual sensitivity and
target localization in older adults, Vision Research,
1995, 35, 579-587.
Lundberg, C., Johansson, K.,
Ball, K., Bjerre, B., Blomquist, C., Braekhus, A.,
Brouwer, W.H., Bylsma, F.W., Carr, D.B., Englund, L.,
Friedland, R.P., Hakamies-Blomquist, L., Kelmetz, G.,
O'Neill, D., Odenheimer, G., Rizzo, M., Schelin, M.,
Seideman, M., Tallman, K., Viitanen, M., Waller, P.F.,
Winblad, B., Dementia and Driving: An Attempt at
Consensus. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders,
1997; 11(1) 28-37.
Ball, K. Enhancing Mobility in
the Elderly: Attentional Interventions for Driving.
Assessment and Intervention Issues Across the Lifespan ,
1997, Lawrence Erlbaum, Publishers, 267-292.
Ball, K. Attentional Problems
and Older Drivers. Alzheimer's Disease and Associated
Disorders, 11, 1997, Suppl. 1, 42-47.
Duchek, J.M., Hunt, L., Ball,
K., Buckles, V., & Morris, J.C. The role of selective
attention in driving and dementia of the Alzheimer type.
Alzheimer's Disease and Associated Disorders, 1997, 11,
Suppl. 1, 48-56.
Duchek, J.M., Hunt, L., Ball,
K., Buckles, V., & Morris, J.C. Attention and Driving
Performance in Alzheimer's Disease. Journal of
Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 1998, 53B,
Sims, R. V., Owsley, C.,
Allman, R.M., Ball, K., & Smoot, T.M. A Preliminary
Assessment of the medical and functional factors
associated with vehicle crashes by older adults. Journal
of the American Geriatric Society, 1998, 46, 556-561.
Owsley, C., Ball, K., McGwin,
G., Sloane, M.E., Roenker, D.L., White, M.F., & Overley,
E.T. Visual Processing Impairment and Risk of Motor
Vehicle Crash Among Older Adults. Journal of the
American Medical Association, 1998, 279, 1083-1088.
Ball, K., Owsley, C., Stalvey,
B., Roenker, D.L., and Graves, M. Driving avoidance,
functional impairment, and crash risk in older drivers.
Accident Analysis & Prevention., 1998, 30, 313-322.
Goode, , K.T., Ball, K.K.,
Sloane, M., Roenker, D.L., Roth, D.L., Myers, R.S., &
Owsley, C. Useful field of view and other neurocognitive
indicators of crash risk in older adults. Journal of
Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 1998, 5, 425-
McGwin, G., Owsley, C., &
Ball, K. Identifying crash involvement among older
drivers: Agreement between self-report and
state-records. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1998,
Owsley, C., Ball, K., McGwin, G.,
Sloane, M.E., Roenker, D.L., White, M.F., & Overley, E.T.
. Visual processing impairment and risk of motor vehicle
crash among older adults. Journal of the American
Medical Association, 279, 1998, 1083-1088.
Owsley, C., McGwin., G., &
Ball, K. Vision impairment, eye disease, and injurious
motor vehicle crashes in the elderly. Ophthalmic
Epidemiology, 1998, 5, 101-113.
Sims, R.V., Owsley, C., Allman,
R.M., Ball, K., & Smoot, T.M. A preliminary assessment
of the medical and functional factors associated with
vehicle crashes in older adults. Journal of the American
Geriatrics Society, 1998, 46, 556-561.
Stalvey, B., Owsley, C.,
Sloane, M.E., Ball, K. The Life Space Questionnaire: A
measure of the extent of mobility of older adults.
Journal of Applied Gerontology, 1999, 18: 479-498.
Ball, K, Owsley, C. Increasing
mobility and reducing accidents of older drivers. In K.W.
Schaie, M. Pietrucha (Eds.) Mobility and Transportation
in the Elderly. 2000, New York: Springer, pp. 213-250.
Sims, R.V., McGwin, G. Jr.,
Allman, R.M., Ball, K., Owsley, C. An exploratory study
of incident vehicle crashes among older drivers. Journal
of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 2000, 55A: M22-M27.
Ball, K. & Owsley, C. (2000).
Increasing mobility and reducing accidents in older
drivers. In K.W. Schaie, M. Pietrucha (Eds.) Mobility
and Transportation in the Elderly. New York: Springer,
Myers, R.S., Ball, K.K.,
Kalina, T.D., Roth, D.L. & Goode, K.T. Relation of
useful field of view and other screening tests to
on-road driving performance. Perceptual Motor Skills,
2000, 91(1): 279-90.
Rizzo, M., Anderson, S.W.,
Dawson, J., Myers, R., & Ball, K. Visual attention
impairments in Alzheimer’s disease. Neurology, 2000, 54
Sims, R.V., McGwin, G. Jr., Allman, R.M., Ball,
K., & Owsley, C. Exploratory study of incident vehicle
crashes among older drivers. Journal of Gerontology: A
Biological Sciences Medical Sciences, 2000, 55(1):
Jobe, J.B., Smith, D.M., Ball, K., Tennstedt, S.
L., Marsiske, M., Willis, S.L., Rebok, G.W., Morris, J.N.,
Helmers, K.F., Leveck, M.D., Kleinman, K. ACTIVE: A
cognitive intervention trail to promote independence in
older adults. Control Clinical Trials, 2001, 22(4):
Rizzo, M., Anderson, S., Dawson, J., Myers, R.,
& Ball, K. (in press). Visual attention impairments in
Alzheimer’s disease. Neurology.
Owsley, C., Sloane, M., McGwin,
G. & Ball, K. (in press). Timed Instrumental Activities
of Daily Living (TIADL) Tasks: Relationship to Cognitive
Function and Everyday Performance Assessments in Older
Adults. The Journal of Gerontology: Psychological
Psychology of Aging, Gerontology